Why Jakarta is sinking

19-Fev, 2021
3 100 330 Ko‘rishlar soni

The 400-year curse dragging Indonesia's capital into the sea.
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Like many coastal cities around the world, Jakarta is dealing with sea level rise. But Indonesia's biggest city also has a unique problem: Because of restricted water access in the city, the majority of its residents have to extract groundwater to survive. And it's causing the city to sink. Today, Jakarta is the world’s fastest-sinking city.
The problem gets worse every year, but the root of it precedes modern Indonesia by centuries. In the 1600s, when the Dutch landed in Indonesia and built present-day Jakarta, they divided up the city to segregate the population. Eventually, that segregation led to an unequal water piping system that excluded most Indigenous Jakartans, forcing them to find other ways to get water.
To understand how it all ties together, and what’s in store for Jakarta’s future, watch the video above.
Sources and further reading:
If you want to learn more about the development of Jakarta’s urban water supply going all the way back to colonial times, check out Michelle Kooy’s detailed reports:
To understand Jakarta’s colonial history and the segregation that came of it, check out this article from the Journal of Historians of Netherlandish Art: jhna.org/articles/dutch-batavia-exposing-hierarchy-dutch-colonial-city/
To read about the evolution of the canals the Dutch built in present-day Jakarta and how their deterioration impacted water access and segregation, here’s a study from Dr. Euis Puspita Dewi, who we feature in the video:
To get a broader look at the many other cities sinking in Indonesia, check out this article by Dr. Estelle Chaussard: www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0034425712003975
Thanks for watching and let us know what you think in the comments!
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Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what's really driving the events in the headlines. Check out www.vox.com.
Watch our full video catalog: goo.gl/IZONyE
Follow Vox on Facebook: goo.gl/U2g06o
Or Twitter: goo.gl/XFrZ5H

  • Hello! We have translated subtitles available in Bahasa Indonesia. You can access them through the settings icon > Subtitles/CC Thanks for watching, and let me know what other colonial histories you want to see explained next in the comments. Thanks, Christina, Video Producer

    VoxVoxOy oldin
    • i have a feeling its dutch reclamation..

      LewouiLewoui7 kun oldin
    • Terimakasih

      Dream_In72࿐Dream_In72࿐9 kun oldin
    • @7A_31_Teuku Zhafran Ravi R. Lol, you're calling me kid when you're "7A"

      Na MaNa Ma11 kun oldin
    • @Na Ma ok FF kid, just whatever

      7A_31_Teuku Zhafran Ravi R.7A_31_Teuku Zhafran Ravi R.11 kun oldin
    • @7A_31_Teuku Zhafran Ravi R. nope

      Na MaNa Ma11 kun oldin
  • I can confirm that this is a problem, and it is flooding outside my house rn. I litterally plan to move outside if this keeps going on...

    TheotmtTheotmt39 daqiqa oldin
  • And schools would teach the students that flood is caused by people building houses on the riverbank and people littering but it's never because of the government's inability to provide an adequate city planning. I wonder why🤔

    Shredded AltoShredded Alto6 soat oldin
  • You be ok Alah knows it already..

    Dustino PhoDustino Pho7 soat oldin
  • Not sure if anyone said this but Jakarta is slowly turning to a new Amsterdam

    Dragon308Dragon3087 soat oldin
  • bird = solution ok got it

    chuyuuchuyuu9 soat oldin
  • pump it up

    IcanohzylIcanohzyl14 soat oldin
  • Isn't it easier to just say that it is a democratic conspiracy?

    RobertRobert15 soat oldin
  • Just, to clarify you can't really drink _any_ tap water in Jakarta. At least not afaik. Pipe leaching and contamination of our supply is far too prominent for that. I didn't even know that people normally drink tap water in more developed countries until the first time I'd been lucky enough to go abroad myself (Singapore)!

    John LeimanJohn Leiman16 soat oldin
  • Use straw

    Why did iWhy did i17 soat oldin
  • Another story of problems originating from colonialism.

    FilipinophileFilipinophile19 soat oldin
  • It doesn't take 70 years for the locals to fix a water problem they were left with by the imperialistic Dutch. It's called corruption.

    yumpladukfooyumpladukfoo20 soat oldin
  • Apa kabar jakarta

    peasveyspeasveys21 soat oldin
  • Free East Timor

    Joe StalinJoe Stalin22 soat oldin
  • God has cursed the Followers of Muhammad

    Joe StalinJoe Stalin22 soat oldin
  • God Punishing the Wicked, turn away from your False God.

    Joe StalinJoe Stalin22 soat oldin
  • Pag si duterte naging presidente dyan lilipad yan sa ere para di na abutan ng tubig, dds talaga ako kaya alam ko yan

    FuzzyFuzzFuzzyFuzzKun oldin
  • Oh the irony, they needed water, so they flooded it.

    Jerome FitzRoyJerome FitzRoyKun oldin
  • Cause of Death: Drowning due to dehydration.

    Sekhmet Lateeff-ElSekhmet Lateeff-ElKun oldin
  • Man the British and the dutch had their hands everywhere, geez.

    nitin viswanathnitin viswanathKun oldin
  • Mexico city: Finally! A worthy opponent.

    nana!nana!2 kun oldin
  • The scary thing about this is that this is not even the beginning. Our generation will have to experience entire nations going underwater if nothing is done. If we leave nothing to be done, the boomers will unfortunately be right about our generation.

    jellysplatterjellysplatter2 kun oldin
  • Its dutch foult

    Ayush ThirumalaiAyush Thirumalai2 kun oldin
    • that's the fault of Indonesian government lol

      Citra MaharaniCitra Maharani19 soat oldin
    • No its not

      QualityUrineQualityUrine2 kun oldin
  • When the capital is in crisis, the politicians have a great response by moving the capital to a new city. Now the capital does not have a crisis. Egypt is doing the same thing too!

    Anarghya SumanthAnarghya Sumanth2 kun oldin
  • so basically. jakarta has the low ground. meanwhile its surroumdings aree generally higher. so if the surroundings wants a flood, it cant. the water goes down to jakarta. . i dont live in jakarta btw. i do live in Indonesia in fact.

    Rafelandroid2Rafelandroid22 kun oldin
  • Yeah Tokyo and Jakarta are pretty much in the same region....

    ReinoutReinout2 kun oldin
  • People in ancient/past Jakarta and Mexico City: Let's build our capital in a swamp/marsh. We're sure nothing wrong is gonna happen.

    Peter the PandaPeter the Panda3 kun oldin
  • I am living in Jakarta.What we actually need is corruptors are sentenced to death, then all other problems in this country will get solved easy

    ngebajakngebajak3 kun oldin
  • I was stressed when I saw this😶

    Bianca ConnieBianca Connie4 kun oldin
  • This person: JAKARTA IS SINKING! *Indonesians have entered the chat*

    MikezyMikezy4 kun oldin
  • So, 70 years after the Dutch rule.. population in Jakarta expanded from 1,5 million to 10,5 million and this growing party continues to do all the tricks to sink their own city, year after year. Nice work buddies.

    Arto VesanderArto Vesander4 kun oldin
  • Well jakarta kinda fricked since jakarta even tho a state has more population then russia

    INDO_SHOT IndonesiaINDO_SHOT Indonesia4 kun oldin
  • instead of planting more pipe waters, the government just decided to move the capital instead. amazing.

    Monic EvangelistaMonic Evangelista4 kun oldin
  • So these people want to build a bird to keep the problem away for a few more years instead of actually saving it forever..

    Spectacular SpaghettiSpectacular Spaghetti4 kun oldin
  • Hey im indonesian and i live in jakarta, so this is a good video

    Dwi Agustin KurniawatiDwi Agustin Kurniawati5 kun oldin
    • Also i hope i don’t get a flood for the 3rd time

      Dwi Agustin KurniawatiDwi Agustin Kurniawati5 kun oldin
  • Another example of how Imperial Europe effed up this part of the world! Time for the Asian Century

    Alex Vergel de DiosAlex Vergel de Dios5 kun oldin
  • Move to kaltim not solve problem but make another sinking

    Sri UmiatiSri Umiati5 kun oldin
  • I live 15 Km from south jakarta border. This happen in North Jakarta, in south, it quite save because the land is near to higher land. So, I hope Jakarta sink fast, because the Gov is not yet gave any attention to this crucial matter, his matter now is to make his image for 2024 presidential candidates. The gov before him, will move those sinking civilians to low cost apartment, butwith good basic facility to live safely, then repair North Jakarta to reduce the impact of the rise of sea level with innovation and technology. I'm glad if Anis capped in failure just because his ambition on political issue, not because of how he manage the people of Jakarta into a better living. Trust me, Anis baswedan did not care to this people. Let Jakarta sink !!! The capital will move to Kalimantan anyway.

    Dimas IrvanDimas Irvan5 kun oldin
  • The sad reality of global warming. The worst part is that there are people out there that do not believe in global warming.

    Anton JiiAnton Jii5 kun oldin
  • R.I.P Jakarta

    Camilla AckersCamilla Ackers5 kun oldin
  • Dari tiktok ke sini

    Hadi RidopHadi Ridop5 kun oldin
  • When I was ten years old, there was a news about Java land Will sinking in 2040. I thought it was a lie.

    Kiryuu NisaKiryuu Nisa6 kun oldin
    • I'm old enough, I wish I didn't live in Jakarta.

      Citra MaharaniCitra Maharani19 soat oldin
    • Well not java itself

      Satria JannatanSatria Jannatan3 kun oldin
    • i don't know seem is a lie

      syifan Gamingsyifan Gaming5 kun oldin
  • When I was ten years old, there was a news about Java land Will sinking in 2040. I thought it was a lie.

    Kiryuu NisaKiryuu Nisa6 kun oldin
  • Jakarta People : Jakarta SInking Governor : No Problem. Water is from God. Just Pray

  • Trust the Europeans to spoil anything.

    Shreya PrakashShreya Prakash6 kun oldin
  • Satu satunya penghalang adalah Korupsi. Titik

    Fadhil DepFadhil Dep6 kun oldin
  • i got dreaming.. before 2050.. maybe 2030 jakarta is gone.. full of water

    100DaysGaming100DaysGaming7 kun oldin
  • Makanya sumur resapan dan biopori wajib digalakkan di jakarta

    Siti AisyahSiti Aisyah7 kun oldin
  • Since people in the US don't use the metric system, let me help you out: _kilometres_ rhymes with millimetres and centimetres (units of measurement), not thermometers and barometers (measuring devices).

    tstcikhthyststcikhthys7 kun oldin

    AltirisAltiris7 kun oldin
  • So it’s not climate change that sinking Jakarta...it’s colonialism ...🤯

    Sheikh Humayun KabirSheikh Humayun Kabir7 kun oldin
  • who gave white people this superiority complex?

    Jamie WellsJamie Wells7 kun oldin
  • Me, a Jakartan: you are joking right, do you mean East Nusa Tenggara?

    LewouiLewoui7 kun oldin
  • Jakarta Goverment and Indonesia Goverment do not know to solve this problem, Goverment do not have Grand Design or master design to save this city . The easisest way just relocated indonesia capital to kalimantan island and leave it and forget it jakarta as an old city of indonesia . Leave it and forget it jakarta become a lost and sinking city ..Poor Jakarta

    aris setiawanaris setiawan7 kun oldin
    • They do have the masterplan the reclamation plan (along with clean water reservoir) designed by korean, dutch, as well as bapennas since 2013. But Anies do not have the political will to do reclamation. Probably after he is gone the new governor and the central gov will continue the plan.

      abcd defabcd def6 kun oldin
  • Why isn't anyone saying anything about Palyja or Aetra? They're the major water works player in Jakarta.

    Ray PradanaRay Pradana8 kun oldin
  • I'm ashamed to see this, lucky I'm not Jakartan if I'm a Jakartan where to put this face? Wkwk

    Aru GozinoAru Gozino8 kun oldin
  • Funny how the Netherlands is known for both causing sinking and preventing sinking (Delta Works)

    IntreousIntreous8 kun oldin
  • So this is white people’s fault again of course

    Syafira AzzahraSyafira Azzahra8 kun oldin
  • Time to stop raising too many kids

    turtle gturtle g9 kun oldin
    • Yes

      Satria JannatanSatria Jannatan3 kun oldin
  • Venetia : *flexing Jakarta : hold my beer!

  • Jakarta lebih butuh air bersih bukan air alkohol/minuman keras wk

    Ya YangYa Yang9 kun oldin
  • This is my city 😢

    7Seas7Seas9 kun oldin
  • Jakarta is sinking! Me who lived in the edge of jakarta: *oh fric-*

    Baskoro HarwinditoBaskoro Harwindito9 kun oldin
    • @Naim iya

      Baskoro HarwinditoBaskoro Harwindito8 kun oldin
  • Karena banyak air

    azkar roxazkar rox9 kun oldin
  • hope they found a way eh.

    king sufiking sufi9 kun oldin
  • Jakarta 2040 ??

    Aprilian StenAprilian Sten9 kun oldin
  • Because of water

    Ertyu GantengErtyu Ganteng9 kun oldin
  • from what i learnt in history class. the canal was not damaged by the dutch but was damaged by the locals to expel the dutch out of batavia.....

    Eusebio LeonidasEusebio Leonidas10 kun oldin
  • Mangrove oh mangrove, where are you there

    deddy ddydeddy ddy10 kun oldin
  • I live in Jakarta!

    Rania AninditaRania Anindita10 kun oldin
  • it is sinking because of the lock canals you dumps

    mohdz tvmohdz tv11 kun oldin
  • Brilliant content, @Vox! as always. Please dubbed into Bahasa Indonesia language so more ordinary Jakartans will be able to realize this matter. Still, thanks for the subtitles. Watching this really struck me personally. I was born and have lived in Jakarta for almost my entire life. Safe to say that Jakarta is less livable and getting more crowded over years. I think it's sadly beyond repair. wishing to move to the new proposed capital in Borneo.

    Aditya ArnandaAditya Arnanda11 kun oldin
  • 0:57 good thing i'm in south jakarta :v

    Azka ZFAzka ZF11 kun oldin
  • The colonials must share the blame. Make them pay!!!

    IshaanIshaan12 kun oldin
  • Jakarta is sinking let's move out city to Borneo

    lunom tjoalunom tjoa12 kun oldin
  • The giant eagle island is cool and all but they could rlly just build some water infrastructure

    Alberto FernándezAlberto Fernández12 kun oldin
  • atlantis part 2 will be revealed

    Riccky MRiccky M12 kun oldin
  • Eh this is pretty much just tuesday for the indonesians

    Fak YuFak Yu12 kun oldin
  • Here in the philippines . Manila is also sinking

    John IbascoJohn Ibasco13 kun oldin
  • Here in the philippines . Manila is also sinking

    John IbascoJohn Ibasco13 kun oldin
  • Basically Dutch came not only with their design, weapons and transport also with their sinking problem

    ritu pandeyritu pandey13 kun oldin
    • not really way to much people in indonesia

      Joel davidsson fanpageJoel davidsson fanpage15 soat oldin
  • Where ever You See A problem Behind this Reason is European Colonisation

    Sahil TanweerSahil Tanweer13 kun oldin
  • at the other hand, pipedwater won't give much solution if not used by the society. they can find an access to it but people need to pay monthly fee for their water. and those people with low income (that actually lived around north jakarta) won't have the money to pay for it and will keep their groundwater pipes. they need to choose hard decision here.

    someone on internetsomeone on internet13 kun oldin
  • Your contents are educational as always.

    No one CaresNo one Cares13 kun oldin
  • semuga Rabb sekelian Alam merahmati kita semua. salaam

    ffira mikahffira mikah13 kun oldin
  • Trust me, the giant seawall don't be protect Jakarta for long time if unutilized residents still don't have clean water access

    hemispherehemisphere13 kun oldin
  • Thank you, Vox

    alexis ben delamousseauchocolatalexis ben delamousseauchocolat13 kun oldin
  • The government needs to use that 40 billion dollars to create pipe systems and allow the citizens to get clean water. Also, if the effect can be reversed, they should consider redoing the sidewalks, streets, and other places paved with concrete and use porous (pervious) concrete to allow the rain water to supply the Aquifers so the city can stop sinking.

    The One Called RJThe One Called RJ13 kun oldin
  • I'm sure togashi's dad wouldn't be happy

    Andrei The Cringe lordAndrei The Cringe lord13 kun oldin
  • Jakarta sudah cantik dan modern

    ah matah mat13 kun oldin
  • Atlantis 2.0

    GREXGOGREXGO14 kun oldin
  • the government is not cared of this, and cost money to moved into borneo but if first the government build pipe water that things can change

    Af_Mobile OfficialAf_Mobile Official14 kun oldin
  • Government:Meh lets back to tik tok

    lollol14 kun oldin
  • Such is what makes the Indonesian government want to move the capital to Kalimantan

    Владимир Ильич УльяновВладимир Ильич Ульянов14 kun oldin
  • Act now before it became too late and becomes a legend like Atlantis...

    CM LorejoCM Lorejo14 kun oldin
  • *realising i live in this city* I AM IN DANGER

    Rizal, MuhammadRizal, Muhammad14 kun oldin
  • I think this is one of the reasons that Indonesia is moving the capital city to east Kalimantan.

    Lily ChandraLily Chandra14 kun oldin
  • Jakarta The lost city 😭

    Anh yeonAnh yeon14 kun oldin
  • I wonder if the upper class will care once it starts reaching the fancy buildings.

    Six WingsSix Wings15 kun oldin
  • Fun fact I go there everyday

    Ben PatrickBen Patrick15 kun oldin